Here’s a brief look at the most prevalent cybercrimes in the world today.
1. Malware — Malware, short for “malicious software,” is a software developed by hackers to steal information and data, destroy or damage computers and computer systems. They include ransomware, viruses, Trojan viruses, worms, spyware and adware. According to Statista.com there were 623.3 million ransomware attacks in 2021. And the numbers continue to rise.
2. Phishing — This is sending fraudulent emails pretending to be from a reputable company to get personal information such as passwords and credit card numbers.
3. Man-in-the-Middle (MitM) Attacks — A cybercriminal intercepts communication by passively listening in on a connection, terminating it, and reroutes traffic to phishing sites designed to look legitimate. This makes MitM attacks incredibly difficult to notice. Uloq guarantees ironclad security for your personal and company data.
4. Denial-of-Service (DOS) Attack — A hacker would either flood or crash and restrict access to a website, system, or device.
5. SQL Injections — Hackers use code to check for vulnerabilities and mistakes done by programmers. The hacker then codes a command into the database which retrieves data or modifies it.
6. Zero-day Exploit — Didn’t notice that the software has a weakness… Too Late! The hacker is already in your system and has access. You have ‘zero-days’ to fix the issue because you are already at risk.
7. Password Attack — Used by hackers in almost every spy movie, it involves using a type of software that expedites cracking or guessing passwords to access a file, folder, account, or computer.
8. Cross-site Scripting — An attacker will send an XSS (Cross-site Script) that prompts you to click on it. If your site lacks the proper sanitation, the attacker proceeds to steal your active cookies.
9. Rootkits — If a hacker creates a rootkit for your device, they will take and maintain command over the device without you knowing about it.
10. Internet of Things (IoT) Attacks — A hacker can take over an automated or IoT system, including devices, networks, data, and users, to steal information.
Other cybersecurity attacks include:
- Identity theft
- Insider threats
- Watering Hole Attack
- Credential Reuse
The above would give any business owner many sleepless nights, especially if no cybersecurity measures are put in place.
Cyber Security is a necessity for any business or organisation.
Hackers or cybersecurity attackers are no longer hiding in the ‘darkness’ of the Dark web. They are no longer your stereotypical guy/girl in a black hoodie, wearing a Guy Fawkes mask. They could be anybody, from a child to an elderly man.
The good news is that you can do something about it.